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Visual Schedules

Visual Schedules

Why should I do it:

  • Provides students with organization and structure
  • Increases on task behavior
  • Improves productivity
  • Increases students’ independence and responsibility
  • Teaches students to use time more efficiently
  • Helps visual learners

When should I do it:

  • With students who have ADD/ADHD
  • With students on the autism spectrum
  • With students who are disorganized
  • With students that have trouble managing time and assignment completion
  • When students are wandering, off task, or lagging behind the rest of the class
  • When students exhibit poor executive and decision making skills
  • When students have trouble with unstructured time
  • When students have difficulty with transitions

How do I do it:

  • Visual schedules can vary a great deal and may be more or less complex
  • Use pictures, images, and graphics to represent periods of the day, subjects, tasks, transitions, etc.
  • Order these visual elements on a paper, board, etc,
  • You may write descriptions below or beside each image
  • The schedule may be placed in a central location for the entire class, or for individual schedules, on the student’s desk
  • Some schedules may have movable images and graphic or visual elements that can be moved from a “to do” side to a “done” side
  • Other schedules may be more static without moving visual elements, but instead be laminated so a dry erase marker can be used on them to check each task or period off, or a page that is copied with a new schedule to write on each day
  • The examples below will provide additional explanation and examples

Resources & Support for technique:
(Items with footnotes link to external websites)


Footnotes:

  1. Cooperative Educational Service Agency No. 7. Visual Schedules. [http://www.specialed.us/autism/structure/str11.htm].
  2. Do 2 Learn. Schedules Overview. [http://www.do2learn.com/picturecards/howtouse/schedule.htm].
  3. Moran. Visual Schedule Example. [http://mm012.k12.sd.us/SPED%20300/Week%206/autism%20visual%20schedule–picture%20based.jpg].
  4. The Colorado Department of Education. I – 4: Daily Schedule. [http://www.cde.state.co.us/sites/default/files/documents/cdeadult/download/pdf/nassteacheri-4.pdf].
  5. Academic Success For All Learners. Structured Daily Schedule. [http://www.iseesam.com/teachall/text/behavior/LRBIpdfs/Structured.pdf].
  6. Source Unknown. Visual Schedule.
  7. Jones. Visual Schedule. [http://www.abcteach.com/free/l/labels_school_set.pdf].