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Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

Why should I do it:

  • Provides more information about students’ behavior
  • Helps identify factors regarding behaviors that may not be obvious
  • Provides data trends and patterns
  • FBA can be simple or intensive
  • Helps identify the root causes, functions, and reinforcers of behaviors
  • Provides data for developing an appropriate and effective behavior plan

When should I do it:

  • When a student is not responding to interventions
  • When it is unclear as to why the behavior is occurring
  • When a student’s behaviors require a behavior plan
  • When antecedents and/or reinforcers cannot be readily identified
  • When a student is suspended multiple times or has a high number of office discipline referrals
  • When a student is getting into trouble frequently
  • When a pattern of trend seems to be forming
  • When a student seems to engage in the same behavior regardless of consequence
  • When consequences and/or rewards seem ineffective
  • When a student does not appear to care or be affected by attempts to address the behavior

How do I do it:

  • Begin with a Simple Functional Behavior Assessment (SFBA) by downloading and completing the SFBA form below
  • If the SFBA does not yield enough data and insight to determine the function of behavior, download and complete the Intensive Functional Behavior Assessment form available below (IFBA)
  • When completing the FBA forms, gather information and data from the student’s records, parents, teachers, and any other staff that work with the student
  • Once you have completed the FBA form and have a theory as to the function of the behavior, develop a Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) based on the data and results from the FBA

Resources & Support for technique:
(Items with footnotes link to external websites)


Footnotes:

  1. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. Simple Functional Behavior Assessment. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/simple_fba.doc].
  2. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. Intensive Functional Behavior Assessment. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/intensive_fba.doc].
  3. Academic Success For All Learners. Functional Behavioral Assessment. [http://www.iseesam.com/teachall/text/behavior/LRBIpdfs/Functional.pdf].
  4. Mauro, T. Functional Behavioral Assessment. [http://specialchildren.about.com/od/fba/g/FBA.htm].
  5. Webster, J. FBA – Identifying Behavior for a Functional Behavior Analysis. [http://specialed.about.com/od/iep/a/definebehavior.htm].
  6. Webster, J. FBA – Functional Behavioral Analysis. [http://specialed.about.com/od/specialedacronyms/g/fbaglossary.htm].
  7. Webster, J. FBA – How to Write a Functional Behavior Analysis. [http://specialed.about.com/od/behavioraldocuments/tp/FBAlist.htm].
  8. Webster, J. Antecedent – - A Specific Meaning for Analyzing Difficult Behaviors. [http://specialed.about.com/od/glossary/g/Antecedent.htm].
  9. State of Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction. Functional Behavior Assessment Form. [http://www.k12.wa.us/SpecialEd/Data/StateForms/7a_Functional_Behavioral_Assessment.doc].
  10. West Allis Milwaukee School District. Example of Completed FBA (OASYS Form) . [http://www.wawm.k12.wi.us/district%20information/Pupil%20Services/support/documents/FBAOASYS-Example.pdf].
  11. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. Behavior Review Form. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/beh_review_form.doc].
  12. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. WEEKLY SCATTERPLOT. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/weekly_scatterplot_times.doc].
  13. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. . [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/weekly_scatterplot_blank.doc].
  14. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. ABC Log. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/abc_log.doc].
  15. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. Time Out Log. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/time_out.doc].
  16. Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency. POSITIVE BEHAVIORAL SUPPORT INDIVIDUAL DATA SUMMARY. [http://resa.net/downloads/positive_behavior/individual_data_summary.xls].
  17. Modified by Gable, R. A. (1991) from: Cartwright, C. A., & Cartwright, G. P. (1970). Determining the motivational systems of individual children. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2:3, 143-149. Forced-Choice Reinforcement Survey. [http://www.spannj.org/BehavioralPresentation/BehavioralPresentation/Student%20Involvement%20%26%20behavior%20problems/Forced%20Choice%20Reinforcement%20menu/Forced%20Choice%20Reinforcement%20Menu.pdf].
  18. Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD. Gogebic-Ontonagon ISD – Behavioral Consultant Forms. [http://www.goisd.org/article_133.php].